Enhancing Trustworthiness in Healthcare Large Language Models

Muhammad Waseem

Postdoctoral Researcher at Faculty of Information Technology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

Large Language Models (LLMs) are advanced AI tools capable of understanding and generating human-like text, advancing various sectors, including healthcare. This project aims to enhance healthcare services using LLMs, focusing on improving their trustworthiness for clinical applications. Trustworthiness encompasses reliability, fairness, and transparency, which are vital in healthcare due to the sensitivity and complexity of medical data. The primary objective is to develop LLM-based applications for summarizing patients’ extensive healthcare records and evaluating prescriptions, tailored to individual patient data. This approach promises to streamline consultations and ensure personalized, safe treatment plans. The methodology includes collaborating with healthcare institutions for data acquisition and preprocessing, emphasizing region-specific medical information. The project will refine existing LLMs for heightened accuracy and applicability in healthcare contexts. A key component involves identifying and mitigating biases within these models to ensure equitable AI applications. Additionally, the project integrates Explainable AI (XAI) techniques to enhance the transparency of the LLMs’ decision-making processes. Expected outcomes include more accurate, fair, and understandable AI tools for healthcare professionals, leading to more efficient patient care. By improving the trustworthiness of LLMs in healthcare, the project aims to reduce the workload on medical staff and strengthen public confidence in AI applications, aligning technological advancements with patient-centric values and societal needs.

Keywords: Trustworthy AI, Large Language Models, Healthcare

Scientific area: LLMs and Health

Bio: Muhammad Waseem is a postdoctoral researcher at the Faculty of Information Technology at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. He completed his Ph.D. in Software Engineering at Wuhan University, China, in 2021. Before pursuing his Ph.D., Dr. Waseem worked as a lecturer in the Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering at the International Islamic University in Pakistan for seven years. Dr. Waseem’s current research interests include the applications of LLMs in various domains such as software engineering research, software development, and the health sector

Visiting period: 3 months at Tietoevry Finland Oy